Phylum Echinodermata

Animal with five-way symmetry of the body more or less covered with calcareous plates or needles.

Holothuroidea

Class Holothuroidea

Key features are not set
Echinoidea

Class Echinoidea

Key features are not set
Asteroidea

Class Asteroidea

Key features are not set
Ophiuroidea

Class Ophiuroidea

Key features are not set
Crinoidea

Class Crinoidea

Key features are not set

Class Holothuroidea

Key features are not set

No photoCucumaria frondosaThyonidium drummondiiThyonidium drummondiiPsolus phantapusPsolus phantapusMolpadia borealisMolpadia borealisNo photoEupyrgus scaberNo photoChiridota laevisNo photoMyriotrochus rinkii

Class Echinoidea

Key features are not set

Strongylocentrotus droebachiensisStrongylocentrotus droebachiensisBrisaster fragilisBrisaster fragilisGracilechinus acutusGracilechinus acutusEchinus esculentusEchinus esculentusPourtalesia jeffreysiPourtalesia jeffreysiSpatangus purpureusSpatangus purpureusStrongylocentrotus pallidusStrongylocentrotus pallidus

Class Asteroidea

Key features are not set

Leptychaster arcticusLeptychaster arcticusBathybiaster vexilliferBathybiaster vexilliferPsilaster andromedaPsilaster andromedaCtenodiscus crispatusCtenodiscus crispatusPontaster tenuispinusPontaster tenuispinusCeramaster granularisCeramaster granularisHippasteria phrygiana Hippasteria phrygiana Poraniomorpha hispidaPoraniomorpha hispidaCrossaster papposusCrossaster papposusLophaster furciferLophaster furciferSolaster endecaSolaster endecaDiplopteraster multipesDiplopteraster multipesHymenaster pellucidusHymenaster pellucidusPteraster militarisPteraster militarisKorethraster hispidusKorethraster hispidusIcasterias panoplaIcasterias panoplaLeptasterias groenlandicaLeptasterias groenlandicaStephanasterias albulaStephanasterias albulaUrasterias linckiUrasterias linckiPseudarchaster parelliiPseudarchaster parelliiTremaster mirabilisTremaster mirabilisHenricia sp.Henricia sp.No photoPedicellaster typicusAsterias rubensAsterias rubensStichastrella roseaStichastrella roseaTylaster willeiTylaster willeiPorania (Porania) pulvillusPorania (Porania) pulvillusCulcitopsis borealis Culcitopsis borealis Poraniomorpha tumidaPoraniomorpha tumidaSolaster syrtensisSolaster syrtensisPteraster obscurusPteraster obscurusNo photoLeptasterias hyperboreaCrossaster squamatusCrossaster squamatusPorania (Pseudoporania) stormi Porania (Pseudoporania) stormi Pteraster pulvillusPteraster pulvillusLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleriLeptasterias (Leptasterias) muelleriPoraniomorpha bidensPoraniomorpha bidensSolaster glacialisSolaster glacialisLeptasterias (Hexasterias) polaris polarisLeptasterias (Hexasterias) polaris polaris

Class Ophiuroidea

Key features are not set

Gorgonocephalus arcticusGorgonocephalus arcticusOphioscolex glacialisOphioscolex glacialisOphiacantha bidentata Ophiacantha bidentata Ophiopholis aculeataOphiopholis aculeataNo photoOphiocten sericeumOphiopleura borealisOphiopleura borealisNo photoOphiura robustaStegophiura nodosaStegophiura nodosaNo photoOphiolycus purpureusOphiactis abyssicolaOphiactis abyssicolaNo photoOphiopus arcticusNo photoAmphipholis squamataNo photoAmphiura sundevalli Ophiothrix fragilis Ophiothrix fragilis Gorgonocephalus eucnemisGorgonocephalus eucnemisOphiura sarsiiOphiura sarsiiNo photoOphiacantha spectabilisNo photoAmphipholis torelli No photoAmphiura (Ophiopeltis) securigera (Düben & Koren, 1846)No photoOphiocten gracilis Gorgonocephalus lamarckii Gorgonocephalus lamarckii No photoOphiacantha abyssicolaNo photoAmphipholis murmanicaNo photoAmphiura borealis Ophiura albida Ophiura albida No photoOphiacantha anomala

Class Crinoidea

Key features are not set

Heliometra glacialisHeliometra glacialisPoliometra prolixaPoliometra prolixaBathycrinus carpenterii Bathycrinus carpenterii Hathrometra tenella Hathrometra tenella

Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin")[2] of marine animals. The adults are recognizable by their (usually five-point) radial symmetry, and include such well-known animals as sea stars, sea urchins, sand dollars, and sea cucumbers, as well as the sea lilies or "stone lilies".[3]Echinoderms are found at every ocean depth, from the intertidal zone to the abyssal zone. The phylum contains about 7000 living species,[4] making it the second-largest grouping of deuterostomes (a superphylum), after the chordates (which include the vertebrates, such as birds, fishes, mammals, and reptiles). Echinoderms are also the largest phylum that has no freshwater or terrestrial (land-based) representatives.

FROM WIKIPEDIA

1. PhD Zakharov Denis V.

1. PhD Zakharov Denis V.

The project leader

Academic degree: PhD
Occupation: senior scientist
Workplace: Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (PINRO)
Taxonomic group: Gastropoda
E-mail: zakharden@yandex.ru

2. Zimina Olga L.

2. Zimina Olga L.

The project leader

Occupation: scientist
Workplace: Murmansk Marine Biological Institute (MMBI)
Taxonomic group: Malacostraca, Cirripedia, Pycnogonida
E-mail: o.l.zimina@gmail.com

5. PhD Strelkova (Anisimova) Natalya A.

5. PhD Strelkova (Anisimova) Natalya A.

Academic degree: PhD
Workplace: Polar Research Institute of Marine Fisheries and Oceanography (PINRO)
Occupation: Senior scientist, deputy head of laboratory
Taxonomic group: Echinodermata
E-mail: natalya.anisimova@mail.ru

  1. Grainger, E.H. (1966). Sea stars (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) of Arctic North America. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 152: 1-70;
  2. Hayward, P.J., Ryland, J.S. (Ed.) (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 2. Molluscs to Chordates. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857515-7. 386 pp. ;
  3. http://www.marinespecies.org/index.php;
  4. Mortensen, Th. Handbook of the echinoderms of the British Isles / Th. Mortensen. – London: Oxford University Press. – 1927. – Vol. 27. – 461 p.;
  5. Thomson, C. Wyville (1873) Depths of the Sea : an account of the General Results of the Dredging Cruises of H.M.SS. 'Porcupine' and 'Lightning' During the Summers of 1868, 1869, and 1870 under the Scientific Direction of Dr. Carpenter, F.R.S., J.Gwyn Jeff;
  6. Анисимова Н.А. Иглокожие (Echinodermata) Баренцева моря. Экология массовых видов иглокожих. - В кн.: Современный бентос Баренцева и Карского морей. Апатиты: изд-во Кольского научного центра РАН, 2000. С. 300-347.;
  7. Дьяконов А.М. Иглокожие северных морей. В серии: Определители по фауне СССР, издаваемые Зоологическим институтом Академии Наук. Вып 8. Ленинград: Изд-во Академии Наук СССР, 1933. 166 с.;
  8. Дьяконов А.М. Морские звезды морей СССР. В серии: Определители по фауне СССР, издаваемые Зоологическим институтом Академии Наук СССР. Вып 34. Л.-М.: Изд-во Академии Наук СССР, 1950. 203 с.;
  9. Дьяконов, А.М. Иглокожие северных морей / А.М. Дьяконов // Определители по фауне СССР. – Л.: Изд-во АН СССР, 1933. – 166 с. (Определители по фауне СССР, издаваемые Зоологическим ин-том АН СССР, вып. 8).;
  10. Смирнов А.В. Виды Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891) и P. octaster Verrill? 1909 (Asteroidea: Pterasteridae) / Беспозвоночные прибрежных биоценозов Северного Ледовитого и Тихого Океанов //Исследования фауны морей, вып. 29(37), Л., 1982. С. 102-113.;